Blackjack is a staple in casinos and is also one of the most popular card games played. The origins of blackjack is thought to stem from France where it was called vingt et un or twenty one. Blackjack seems to date back to the 17th century.
Blackjack is played all over the world and is highly popular in Russia where it is known as 21 and Ochko.
The English term of blackjack comes from the original French game where a player is rewarded if they draw a jack of spades and ace of spades as their first two cards. Since the first card drawn was a blackjack the game came to be known as this.
Shortly after the French Revolution blackjack travelled to the US and was soon a favourite with gamblers and casual players. Gamblers realised that blackjack had a solid ground for betting strategy and odds manipulation.
After gambling became legal in the US, blackjack flourished and spread throughout all the casinos in Las Vegas. Las Vegas also became the king of the gambling industry and blackjack was one of the most popular casino games.
Blackjack has attracted the attention of the scientifically minded drawn by the odds and the mathematical possibilities to figure into the game.in 1956, Roger Baldwin came up with the basic strategy for playing blackjack.
Edward Thorp built on the basic strategy and came up with the modern card counting techniques. The card counting strategy uses the knowledge of the cards that have already been dealt in order to make predictions about the cards remaining in the deck. The more low value cards that have been dealt then the more high value cards there are remaining in the deck according to the theory. The player that believes that the deck is stacked with high value cards can up their bet to take advantage of the perceived increase in odds.